(10) Mohenjo-daro means ‘Mound of the Dead Men is an archaeological site in the province of Sindh, Pakistan. It was Built nearly around 2500 BCE, and was one of the largest settlements of the ancient Indus Valley Civilisation, Mohenjodaro was one of the world’s earliest major cities,along with the civilizations of ancient Egypt & Mesopotamia.
Mohenjo-daro was abandoned in the 19th century BCE as the Indus Valley Civilization declined, and the site was Hidden Untill it was discovered in 1920s. Significant excavation has since been conducted at the site of the city, which was designated a UNESCOWorld Heritage Site in 1980. The site is currently threatened by erosion and improper restoration.
Mohenjodaro was an Ancient City which was Technically Advanced, It was Built on Platforms to Prevent Flooding, It was Fortified by Guard Towers, Air Ducts were Present in the city,There was a Proper Sewage Treatment System Present. There were Toys for Childrens, Coins were used to Purchase Goods e.t.c
The main attraction of mohenjodaro is The Great Bath which is the Earliest Public water tank.
Some Items found During Excavation of Mohenjodaro
(9) Dead Sea Scrolls
Dead Sea Scrolls are Fragments of Manuscripts that are Written in Herbrew which are Found Near Dead Sea Region inside Qumran Caves & Other Areas. These texts have great historical, religious, and linguistic significance because they include the second-oldest known surviving manuscripts of works later included in the Hebrew Bible canon.
Some scholars have argued that the scrolls were the product of Jews living in Jerusalem, who hid the scrolls in the caves near Qumran while fleeing from the Romans during the destruction of Jerusalem in 70 CE
Scrolls Were Discovered in Mid 20th Century & Given a Wide Media Coverage. These scrolls held 19 copies of the Book of Isaiah, 25 copies of Deuteronomy and 30 copies of the Psalms. These scrolls are the oldest group of Old Testament manuscripts up till now.
(8) The Library of Ashurbanipal
The Royal Library of Ashurbanipal, named after Ashurbanipal, the last great king of the Assyrian Empire, is a collection of thousands of clay tablets and fragments containing texts of all kinds from the 7th century BC. Among its holdings was the famous Epic of Gilgamesh.
Ashurbanipal was known as a tenacious martial commander; however, he was also a recognized intellectual who was literate, and a passionate collector of texts and tablets. As an apprentice scribe he mastered both the Akkadian and the Sumerian languages. He sent scribes into every region of the Neo-Assyrian Empire to collect ancient texts. He hired scholars and scribes to copy texts, mainly from Babylonian sources
Ashurbanipal’s Library gives modern historians information regarding people of the ancient Near East.
(7) Nazca Lines
Nazca Lines are a group of very large geoglyphs formed by depressions or shallow incisions made in the soil of the Nazca Desert in southern Peru. They were created between 500 BCE and 500 CE, over a Period of 1000 Years.
But the Most Interesting Fact about Nazca Lines is that while Most lines run straight across the landscape, but there are also figurative designs of animals and plants, made up of lines, which is Quite Interesting.
The Nazca people created the lines, supposedly between 500 BC and 500 AD, by the careful removal of the reddish iron oxide pebbles that make up the desert surface. Even Today’s Archaeologists & Historians are unable to find the Reason Behind creating Nazca Lines. But Surely it gives us a Glimpse of how Creative or may be advanced our ancestors were.
(6) The Rosetta Stone
The Rosetta Stone is a granodiorite stele found in 1799 which is inscribed with three versions of a decree issued at Memphis, Egypt in 196 BC. It was Created During the Ptolemaic dynasty on behalf of King Ptolemy V.
The top section is written in Ancient Egyptian Language, middle section are in Demotic script & , the bottom section is in Ancient Greek. As the decree has only minor differences between the three versions, the Rosetta Stone proved to be the key to deciphering Egyptian hieroglyphs, thereby opening a window into ancient Egyptian history.
The stone is considered one of the most important archaeological discoveries. It is prized as the greatest translation tool for the in-depth understanding of hieroglyphs.
are monolithic human figures carved by the Rapa Nui people on Easter Island in eastern Polynesia between the years 1250 and 1500. Nearly half are still at Rano Raraku, the main moai quarry, but hundreds were transported from there and set on stone platforms called ahu around the island’s perimeter.
Almost all moai have overly large heads three-eighths the size of the whole statue. The moai are chiefly the living faces (aringa ora) of deified ancestors (aringa ora ata tepuna). The statues still gazed inland across their clan lands when Europeans first visited the island in 1722, but all of them had fallen by the latter part of the 19th century.
But the Most Interesting fact about Moai is the Transportation of these Huge Statues, as it will take help of some mechanism & a large number of manpower. Another Proof our Advanced Ancestors.